WEALTH at work, a leading provider of financial education, guidance and advice in the workplace, outlines below some of the top things employees should consider when planning for their retirement.
How much income will employees need in retirement?
One key thing which many don’t realise is that they are unlikely to need the same level of income in retirement as they did in their working life. For some employees once they retire, they will be paying significantly less income tax, have no National Insurance (NI) or pension contributions to make, mortgages and loans may be paid off, and children could be financially independent. Some may actually achieve the same disposable income levels in retirement or at least similar, even if their pension income is for example, half what their salary was when they were working.
Can employees afford to retire early?
Some employees want to retire early to do the things they have dreamt of whilst they are still in good health, but don’t think that they can afford to before their state pension kicks in. Income requirements are widely believed to follow a ‘u shape’ in retirement with the first ‘active’ phase being the most expensive. Spending seems to fall after a while in what is known as the ‘passive’ phase, as people become a little less active and perhaps cut back on areas such as travelling. But costs then may go up later in retirement in the ‘supported’ phase, if extra care is required. One way to fund the ‘active’ phase before the state pension kicks in is to use the tax-free pension lump sum to boost income during this time. But employees should also make sure that they have a plan in place to see them all the way through retirement.
How can employees maximise their pension savings as they approach retirement?
Some employees don’t realise that in the last few years of their working life, they could maximise their pension savings by choosing to live off their taxable assets (e.g. investment gains and money in savings accounts) and topping up their pension with their salary. Not only could they benefit from the tax bonus when paying into the pension, but they could also benefit when they withdraw from their pension as they may be a lower rate tax payer than when they were earning.
Will employees receive the full state pension?
The new single tier state pension will be no less than £159.55 and will depend on having 35 qualifying years of National Insurance contribution. There will be a deduction for those who were contracted out of the Additional State Pension.
In reality, not everyone will be eligible for the maximum amount of the new state pension. Therefore, it is important that employees check their State Pension record and National Insurance contribution history early. We urge everyone approaching retirement to make an enquiry to find out what they are going to receive. Employees can request a State Pension statement using a form called a BR19, which is available online at www.gov.uk/check-state-pension or by calling the government helpline on 0345 3000 168.
Retirement income doesn’t just mean pensions
Many people just look to their pension for retirement income, but with the pension freedoms, other assets such as savings and investments should all be seen as potential income sources. With careful planning, employees may be able to prevent having to pay unnecessary tax. For example, if taking money from a pension might bring someone into a higher income tax bracket, it might be worth them taking the extra money needed from their taxable savings instead.
The value of financial advice
The bottom line is that deciding when to retire and how best to optimise retirement income is one of the most important financial decisions an employee will ever make in their life. Financial advice can be worth its weight in gold if it prevents them from making costly mistakes.
Jonathan Watts-Lay, Director, WEALTH at work, a leading provider of financial education, guidance and advice in the workplace, said: “Deciding when to retire is a complicated business. It’s not just about whether someone can afford to retire but many other considerations including their health and that of a partners’, what they want to do in retirement and how much income they will need. But then of course, where will their income come from? As it might not be just their pension but other income sources such as savings and investments.”
He added: “Providing financial education, guidance and advice in the workplace is crucial in helping employees to understand their options at-retirement. Then of course, there is the need to support employees with the implementation of their chosen retirement income options and the ongoing support. This full service provision can help employees to get the most of the money they’ve saved throughout their working lives, as well as helping employers manage the risks and liabilities associated with an ageing workforce.”